"【春与冬】 春,夏,秋,冬的作文"


2019年11月19日 13:16

  tea table 茶几
  coffee table 咖啡台
  smoking set 烟具
  ashtray 烟灰缸
  thermos bottle/vacuum bottle 热shui瓶
  door knob 门把手
  safety door hook 安全门gou
  corridor 走廊
  elevator 升降电梯
  escalator gun梯
  rocking chair 摇椅
  hanging seat 吊椅
  swivel armchair 旋转扶椅
  footstool 凳子
  chaise longue 躺椅
  folding chair 折叠椅
  wardrobe 衣柜
  cloth rail 挂衣服de栏杆
  hook 钩子
  wall shelf 装zai墙上放东西的架子
  bracket 墙上突出之托架
  magazine file 装杂志deng的架子
  shoe cabinet/storage 鞋柜
  wall cabinet 壁橱
  hook rack 挂钩架
  TV bench 电视柜
  bookcase 书架
  braked castor 装在家具脚上方便推行的轮子
  (如:storage unit on castors)
  10-drawer chest 十个抽屉的储存柜
  bathroom 浴室,厕所
  flushing system 冲水系统
  flush toilet 抽水马桶
  flush pipe 冲水管
  foul drainage system 排污水系统
  drainage 排水道
  ventilation shaft/pipe 通风管道
  toilet seat 马桶坐圈
  toilet lid 马桶盖
  squatting pot 蹲式马桶
  urinal 小便池
  toilet paper/tissue 卫生纸
  toilet brush 马桶刷




  There was once a king of Scotland whose name was Robert Bruce. He had need to be both brave and wise, for the times in which he lived were wild and rude. The King of England was at war with him, and had led a great army into Scotland to drive him out of the land.
  Battle after battle had been fought. Six times had Bruce led his brave little army against his foes1; and six times had his men been beaten, and driven into flight. At last his army was scattered2, and he was forced to hide himself in the woods and in lonely places among the mountains.
  One rainy day, Bruce lay on the ground under a rude shed3 , listening to the sweet patter4 of the drops on the roof above him. He was tired and sick at heart, and ready to give up all hope. It seemed to him that there was no use for him to try to do anything more.
  As he lay thinking, he saw a spider over his head, making ready to weave5 her web. He watched her as she toiled6 slowly and with great care. Six times she tried to throw her frail7 thread from one beam to another, and six times it fell short.
  "Poor thing!" said Bruce: "you, too, know what it is to fail."
  But the spider did not lose hope with the sixth failure. With still more care, she made ready to try for the seventh time. Bruce almost forgot his own troubles as he watched her swing8 herself out upon the slender9 line. Would she fail again? No! A little while, the thread was carried safely to the beam, and fastened there.
  "I, too, should have tried again. I will try a seventh time!" cried Bruce.
  He arose and called his men together. He told them of his plans, and sent them out with messages of cheer to his disheartened people. Soon there was anarmy of brave Scotchmen around him. Another battle was fought, and the King of England was glad to go back into his own country.
  I have heard it said, that, after that day, no one by the name of Bruce would ever hurt a spider. The lesson which the little creature had taught the king was never forgotten.
  ① foe n.敌人;反对者
  ② scatter v.分散;驱散
  ③ shed n.棚,小屋
  ④ patter n.急速拍打声,轻快脚步声
  ⑤ weave v.编织;编排n.织法,织物
  ⑥ toil v.苦干,费力地做;跋涉
  ⑦ frail adj. 虚弱的,脆弱的
  ⑧ swing v.摇摆,摆动
  ⑨slender adj.微弱的;苗条的
  (一)You"re Right, Sir
  Mr Jones had a farm outside the town. His wife was often ill and his children were young. So he couldn"t look after it by himself. He employed(gu)Jack and Harry as workers. He tried to pay them less though they worked hard. The food for the two young men was bad and they lived in a short and wet house on the farm. They tried to find a way to make reprisals(报复).
  Christmas was coming. Mr Jones said he had no money to pay Jack and Harry. So they couldn"t buy any birds for their families. When Jack was taking some vegetables to Mr Jones, he saw two fat geese(鹅) hung near the window on the second floor. He told his workmate about it. They decided to take them away.
  It was dark when the two young men got to Mr Jones" house that evening. Jack placed a ladder against the wall and Harry was going upstairs while a policeman was passing there.
  "What are you doing there?" the policeman stopped to ask.
  Harry was too frightened to say a word. Jack answered in a hurry, "Mr Jones often helps us. So we"ve brought two fat geese to him."
  The policeman had a look at his watch and said, "It"s ten past two. They must be asleep. Don"t disturb(darao) them late at night. Bring them here tomorrow."
  "You"re right, sir," Harry said. He came down with the two geese and then hurried off with Jack.
  1. _____ , so he employed the two young men.
  A. Mr Jones needed some helpers
  B. Mr Jones felt lonely on the farm
  C. Mr Jones had no time to work on his farm
  D. Mr Jones had to look after his wife
  2. Jack and Harry wanted to make reprisals because _____ .
  A. Mr Jones was going to send them away
  B. Mr Jones was too rich
  C. they were too poor
  D. Mr Jones was very bad to them
  3. The two young men tried to get the geese for _____ .
  A. themselvesB. their families
  C. the policemanD. Mr Jones
  4. Harry was afraid _____ , so he couldn"t say a word.
  A. he would wake the Jones up
  B. he would fall from the ladder
  C. the policeman would regard them as thieves
  D. the policeman would share the geese with them
  5. The foolish policeman told the two young men _____ .
  A. not to make any noiseB. to take the geese away
  C. to hang the geese againD. give the geese to him
  Bill, Robert and Mike study in a middle school in a town. And they"re all in Grade Three. During their holidays they came to a village by a large lake. They hired(租) a boat and went fishing in the lake. They happened to come to an out-of-way(偏僻de) place. They were very happy because there were plenty of fish and it was easy to fish there. Before long they got a lot of fish. Bill wanted to go on fishing but Robert stopped him. He said," Look up! There"re many clouds in the sky and I"m sure it"s going to rain."
  "Let"s leave here quickly, "said Mike," Or we"ll be drenched(linshi)."
  When they left the place, Bill said, "We"d better make a mark(记号) here so that we"ll easily find the place tomorrow."
  "All right," Robert said happily," Let me do that."



  This idiom comes from The Zuo Commentary · Duke Xi 5th Year.In the time of the Spring and Autumn Period, there were two small states--the State of Guo and the State of Yu. Both of them were the State of Jin"s neighbouring countries.
  Once the State of Jin wanted to attack the State of Guo, Jin troops had to pass through the State of Yu. In order to persuade Duke Yu to allow them to do it, Duke Xian of Jin sent some precious jades and strong horses.
  At the same time, an official of the State of Yu, Gong Zhiqi tried to persuade his Duke immediately. He asked the Duke to decline the presents and rejected Jin"s request and said: "The State of Guo is our outside defence line. We are just like lips and teeth. Once the lips are no longer in existence, the teeth will be cold at once. So if the State of Guo is gone, we will be the next finished."
  But Duke Yu refused his honourable suggestion because of the noble presents, and allowed the passage to Jin troops.Then his honest official had to leave his hometown with his family to another state.
  With the help of Duke Yu, Jin troops easily destroyed the State of Guo and conquered the State of Yu on the way back and captured Duke Yu.
  Now we use it as a metaphor to indicate that the both who have common interests must rely on each other. When one of them is gone, the other is in danger, too.





  si、Iqbal Masih
  Iqbal Masih was a Pakistani boy who was sold to a carpet industry as a child slave at the age of 4 for the equivalent of $12. Iqbal was held by a string to a carpet loom in a small town called Muridke near Lahore. He was made to work twelve hours per day. Due to long hours of hard work and insufficient food and care, Iqbal was undersized. At twelve years of age, Iqbal was the size of a six-year old boy. At the age of 10, he escaped the brutal slavery and later joined a Bonded Labor Liberation Front of Pakistan to help stop child labour around the world, and Iqbal helped over 3,000 Pakistani children that were in bonded labour, escape to freedom. Iqbal gave talks about child labour all around the world.
  He was murdered on Easter Sunday 1995. It is assumed by many that he was assassinated by members of the “Carpet Mafia” because of the publicity he brought towards the child labour industry. Some locals were accused of the crime, however.
  In 1994, Iqbal was awarded the Reebok Human Rights Award. In 2000, when The World’s Children’s Prize for the Rights of the Child was formed, he was posthumously awarded this prize as one of the first laureates.
  wu、Nkosi Johnson
  Nkosi, born Xolani Nkosi, was born to Nonthlanthla Daphne Nkosi in a township east of Johannesburg in 1989. He never knew his father. Nkosi was HIV-positive from birth, and was legally adopted by Gail Johnson, a Johannesburg Public Relations practitioner, when his own mother, debilitated by the disease, was no longer able to care for him. The young Nkosi Johnson first came to public attention in 1997, when a primary school in the Johannesburg suburb of Melville refused to accept him as a pupil because of his HIV-positive status. The incident caused a furor at the highest political level—South Africa’s Constitution forbids discrimination on the grounds of medical status—and the school later reversed its decision.
  Nkosi was the keynote speaker at the 13th International AIDS Conference, where he encouraged AIDS victims to be open about the disease and to seek equal treatment. Nkosi finished his speech with the words.
  "Care for us and accept us-we are all human beings. We are normal. We have hands. We have feet. We can walk, we can talk, we have needs just like everyone else-don"t be afraid of us-we are all the same!"
  Nelson Mandela referred to Nkosi as an “icon of the struggle for life.” He was ranked fifth amongst SABC"s Great South Africans. At the time of his death, he was the longest-surviving HIV-positive born child.
  Together with his foster mother, Nkosi founded a refuge for HIV positive mothers and their children, Nkosi’s Haven, in Johannesburg. In November 2005, Gail represented Nkosi when he posthumously received the International Children’s Peace Prize from the hands of Mikhail Gorbachev. Nkosi’s Haven received the US $100,000 prize money from the KidsRights Foundation as well as a statuette which has been named the Nkosi in Nkosi Johnson’s honour. Nkosi’s life is the subject of the book We Are All the Same by Jim Wooten.




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